Basic milestones for infants at different ages


infant milestones

Hitting milestones on time is not the most important thing. Let your child take their own sweet time to learn new things, and they will get there when they get there. They cannot be rushed and you shouldn’t try to push them into anything before they feel ready. Some kids learn to sit up on the day they are born or even earlier. Others take a bit longer to reach this milestone or may skip it altogether. The same is true for rolling over, crawling, walking, and talking.

1 Rolling over

A person holding a baby

Your baby can roll from their tummy to back at around 4 months old, and from back to side by 5-6 months. However, until they’re able to consistently move somewhere else with their strength (usually between 7 and 10 months), you should never leave them unattended on a bed or sofa. And always keep an eye on them when they roll!

2 Sitting up by themselves

A close up of a baby

The average age for babies to start sitting up without support is 6 months. However, some can do it even earlier while others need until 8 months to master the skill. Some never manage it at all. As long as your child can keep themselves upright, their development is fine.

3 Crawling

Around 5 months, most babies learn to use their arms as support as they pull themselves up from a lying-down position. They start moving around the room by 7-8 months and crawling is usually mastered before they turn one year old. Some may even skip crawling altogether and go straight to walking!

4 Pulling themselves up to stand

If your baby is between 7 and 10 months old, you may notice them pulling themselves upright on furniture or using their hands for support to cruise along the side of the couch or another piece of sturdy furniture. This is another milestone that can vary greatly from child to child – some pull themselves up as early as 7-8 months but others don’t manage it until 13 months old.

5 Walking

Walking alone is a milestone that most babies reach somewhere between 10 and 15 months old. However, you will notice your baby taking its first steps long before this point. When they feel confident enough to let go of your hands or furniture, be ready for them to take off!

6 Saying their first word

It’s still early days, but your child may be babbling in “words” by 6 months. The most common sounds are ma, da, and ba (for drinking). Babies say their first real words when they are around 8-12 months old. This is the time to start speaking and encourage them to mimic you.

7 Pointing to objects around them

Your child will probably begin pointing at things around them at around 9 months old. They may also try mimicking words such as “mama”, “baba” (for a bottle), bye-bye, and more. This is the age when they start to understand a lot of what you say to them and may well follow simple instructions too.

8 Understanding more words

By the time they are 11 months old, most babies have a vocabulary of around 10-15 words. This number will grow as they learn new things and as you spend time with them every day talking about familiar objects.

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